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NA TRAPEZA 4 - Bulgarian Folk CD 2014
NA TRAPEZA 4 - Bulgarian Folk CD 2014
BULGARIAN Thracian Bass GAIDA Bagpipe in D by Ivan Hristov 171.63EURO

Brand new instrument. Plays in the key of D (bass). For professional musicians. Handmade in the Thracian valley, Bulgaria by the famous craftsman Ivan Hristov (on the photo). On this audio file you can hear a G gaida, recently made by him:


The D gaida sounds different, but you get the idea about the crafstmanship.

The wooden parts are made of plum or cornet tree. The bag is made of the skin of young goat, following the tradition for making bags for Jura-gaida.

The Gaida (bagpipe) is one of the most characteristic folk instruments of Bulgaria. It is said that a traditional wedding is incomplete without its presence. Traditionally the solitary shepherd's companion, it is often heard solo or accompanied by a large drum. It is also popular in small village orchestras. Like all Bulgarian folk instruments there are many regional variations with distinctive styles of detail and ornament. All share a common form: white kidskin bag, blowpipe, drone and chanter. The pipes of the eastern regions of Thrace and Dobrudja are usually high-pitched, while those of western Shope region tend to be lower. In the south Bulgarian Rhodope mountain region they are extremely deep-pitched with huge goatskin bags. These are often played in pairs or trios and sometimes in large groups. There is one ensemble in that area called "Sto Gaidi", which translates as "One Hundred Gaidas". The standard instrument today is an outfit consisting of three chanters and two drones, giving the player capacity to perform music of all regions. The chanter, called a "gaidanitsa", makes this instrument unique. It has the capability of a full chromatic scale. Its conical bore may have up to seven subtle changes. The tone holes are curved and recessed to give the fingers a relaxed and comfortable grip. Its most unusual detail is the "flea hole", a small metal pipe or bushing at the top of the bore. This gives the instrument its exceptional chromatic range. The pipes are traditionally richly decorated with delicate grooving or combing and trimmed with metal and ox horn of varying hues. The kaba-gaida of south Bulgaria is a huge instrument. Its single drone is almost four feet long. It has a deep and noble tone. Its gaidanitsa is hexagonal rather than round in cross-section, and it is richly ornamented with subtle carving.

This product was added to our catalog on Monday 10 April, 2006.
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